Punk rock developed in the mid 1970’s. It was a sped up three chord form of surf and hard rock music. Songs dealt more with social issues and real world problems. The style was long spiked hair, boots, and leather. This is a style that is prominent in much of metal to this day. Punk was a major inspiration to the creation of hardcore, thrash, extreme metal, grindcore, sludge metal, crust punk, and NWOBHM.
Bands include The Sex Pistols, The Ramones, The Clash, and Iggy Pop.
A more dissonant form of punk rock that focuses of strange songwriting and noisy and screechy musicianship. Noise rock inspired metal genres from the noisy and fast grindcore to the slower atonal sludge and drone metal categories, the controlled chaos of mathcore.
Bands include The Butthole Surfers, The Jesus Lizard, and Sonic Youth
Deathrock is a form of punk that has visceral lyrics and scary tone to the music. Death metal would take this music to an even heavier and darker place.
Artists include The Flesh Eaters and Burning Image
New wave took the simple song structures and 3 chord progressions of punk and mixed it with melody and synthesizers. This music was a major influence on the creation of industrial music and industrial metal.
Bands include Devo, A-ha, and A Flock of Seagulls